|Four major tribes inhabited the Red River Valley of the Southwest before and during European invasion. The
Caddos, Wichitas, Kiowas and the Comanches dominated the region and its history for centuries, if not millenia.
After European contact, fortunes for Native Americans changed drastically. The Red River Valley reflected this
through the migration of the Shawnees, the invasions of the Osages, and the alliances with the Tonkawas.
In the American period, the Red River Valley became home to two tribes, the Choctaws and Chickasaws,
removed from their lands east of the Mississippi River via the final Indian Removal Act of 1830.
Historical travelers can discover their impact on the landscape if they where to look. These pages will be your
guide to learning about these important cultures, their places in history, and where they are now.
|Red River Originals
|Tribes in the Red
River Valley before
|Questions or comments? E-mail me: firstname.lastname@example.org
|Tribes settling in
the Red River
Valley at the onset
of Indian Territory
End of the Trail
|Map of original native languages in the United States, U.S. Geological 1991 (Library of Congress). Click on the map to see a bigger version.
|Please let me know if you have information you want to add/share/correct! E-mail
me: email@example.com - I'm especially interested in photographs,
memories, and stories that families have shared.