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|RED RIVER ORIGINALS
Original inhabitants: Caddos Wichitas Comanches Kiowas
Migrant tribes after 1806: Shawnees Osages Tonkawas
Removed tribes by 1830: Choctaws Chickasaws End of the Trail
|Like the Choctaws, the Chickasaws tattooed their bodies and faces in their traditional dress, as this 1777 woodcut shows. Men's hair style was
similar to the Caddoan shorn cut, but the hair was adorned with ribbons of decorated deer skins (LOC).
|The lands that the Chickasaws sold to private individuals and to the U.S. government in Mississippi garnered much more money than any of the
other "Five Civilized Tribes" who were forced to remove to Indian Territory in the 1830s. Not all Chickasaws benefitted from these sales, however;
only those who had primarily European ancestry and owned plantations and enslaved people could wait for the market price (LOC).
|William Orr depicted the Chickasaws burning the consquistador camp and attacking Hernando de Soto in an 1858 book (LOC).
|The Chickasaw Nation cleaved from the Choctaw Nation in 1855 after buying the western half of the Choctaw lands. By 1866, when this map was
printed, the Chickasaws were well established in their new home. Click on the map for a larger view (LOC).